“Oh, I used to be a Christian. I know all about it.”
“Man, I was raised in church and then saw through it.”
“I’ve studied Christianity, so…”
Ever been talking about the gospel with somebody and heard something like this? It can be intimidating, right? You’re trying to talk about the good news and it turns out they already know about and have rejected it. I know I’ve been hit with that sense of uncertainty before. In fact, it happened to me just the other day at a coffee shop.
I, once again, somehow managed to end up talking to an avid young philosophy student. Now, in the course of things, he mentions that he was an atheist, but had been raised Christian, gone to a Christian school, studied other religions in college, and was now “kinda bored” with the subject. I thought, “Okay, well, I’ll bite”–because, clearly, you don’t offer the college pastor the unsolicited bit of information that you’re “bored” with religion, if you don’t want to talk about it. So I followed up and asked a question I was curious about, “Hey, so, just to be clear, I’m curious: what do you think the main message of Christianity is? Like, at the descriptive level, what is the main message or ‘good news’ Christianity teaches?”
What followed was a fascinating little pop-explanation of how religion came about through ignorance, fear of the elements, and a need to justify morality. So I asked him again, “So, what’s the main message of Christianity?” And essentially, he boiled it down to morality with the threat of the deity to enforce it. Nothing about grace, Jesus’s life, death, and resurrection in our place, the forgiveness of sins, the kingdom of God, or anything approaching the message of salvation found in the New Testament.
So then, despite his professed well-researched understanding of Christianity, he actually didn’t know the gospel.
On the Value of Doubting Stories – Reflecting on this the other day, I was reminded of a thought-provoking piece by Alastair Roberts, drawing on philosopher/critical theorist Slavoj Žižek, in which he suggests that we ought to be a bit more suspicious of our autobiographical stories:
Personal stories can have the most profoundly distorting effect upon our moral judgment. By playing up the ‘luxurious’ details of personality and the ‘depth’ of individual character, we can blind ourselves to the true ethical nature of actions. Žižek’s phraseology is important—‘the story we tell ourselves about ourselves in order to account for what we are doing’—and captures a number of important matters. First, ‘our story’ is not some eternal truth, but an account told by interested and unreliable narrators—ourselves—and should be handled very carefully as a result. Second, not only are we the narrators of our own stories but we are also the primary hearers—it is a story we ‘tell ourselves about ourselves.’ We are the ones most easily and typically deceived (usually willingly) by our own unreliable narration. Third, it is a story told ‘in order to account for what we are doing.’ As such it is a story typically designed to help us live with ourselves and our actions. It is usually a rationalization, an attempt to make sense of our actions retrospectively, in a manner that acts as a defence against the harshness of the ethical or rational judgment that they might otherwise provoke.
You and I tell ourselves stories about ourselves all the time. Sometimes they reflect reality accurately and sometimes they don’t. Actually, often-times they’re half-truths used to make ourselves feel better, smarter, more righteous, and justified in our actions than we really are.
What conclusion does Roberts draw from that? Among others:
We ought to be a lot less indulgent when it comes to personal stories more generally, a lot more alert to the ways that they are most fertile grounds for the deception of ourselves and others, and a lot more prepared to call them into question. Personal stories, while they should not be excluded, should not be treated as ‘sacred’, but subject to testing and judgment.
Now, very quickly, let me say this: I don’t bring this up in order to tell you to ignore, demean, or knee-jerk reject whatever someone says about themselves. Far from it! What I want to do is simply call our attention to the fact that we have reason to slow down, and do a little digging in our conversations about the gospel. With that in mind, I want to suggest two simple lines questions to ask in your conversations about the gospel.
1. Ask Them About Their Story – First, legitimately ask them about their story. You’ll find out who they are, or, at least, who they think of themselves to be, which is good in itself. Real love genuinely wants to know people. Also, as you ask questions, you’ll also find out what they actually mean when they say things like, “I used to be a Christian”, or “I studied Christianity.” Their Christian experience could be anything from a few months in youth group, or getting catechized as a child, or having an emotional experience in a church once, or a long, adult experience in a solid church.
For instance, I remember talking to one young lady who described herself as formerly Christian. As I asked her about her story, I came to find out she went to the school of a local, barely Christian mega-mega-“church” (and, to be clear, I’m not one who holds mega-churches in contempt), and rejected “Christianity” when a teacher she had respect for was summarily dismissed for budgetary reasons. This wasn’t some long, thoughtful rejection of Christian doctrine, but the angry disappointment of a young teenager with no exposure to the true gospel, in a group of hypocritical adults. With that in mind, the conversation I pursue with her is going to take a very different shape than the adult who has rejected a maturely grasped faith.
2. Ask Them What The Gospel Is – Honestly, this one’s basic, but so important. America is an increasingly post-Christian culture where a large portion of the population, especially younger generations, have little-to-no working knowledge of Christianity. Even in putatively religious communities, this is true. Living in Orange County as I do, I’m around a lot of people who’ve been in or around church, and so it’s very easy in conversations to assume a basic knowledge of the gospel that people don’t actually have. Whether because of poor, moralistic teaching, or just spiritual incomprehension, even some of those who’ve grown up around church their whole lives can’t tell you what the message of Jesus is.
Returning to my new friend in the coffee shop, by asking him about his own understanding of Christianity, giving him an opportunity to demonstrate he didn’t actually get it, I was given an opening to briefly present and explain the gospel properly, by way of contrast. If I’d have just taken his story at face value, I might have been led down any number of apologetic rabbit-trails without ever actually addressing the fundamental truth at issue. This is important for a number of reasons, but most of all because one of the greatest obstacles to people accepting the good news is never having properly understood it.
Of course, I am not saying everyone who tells you that sort of story is lying, confused, or only rejecting the gospel because they don’t understand it. Some have heard the gospel and have knowingly rejected it. That’s a real situation you’ll come up against. And that’s fine–God works in those situations too. I’d still encourage you to do feel free to do a little digging in your evangelistic encounters. A key question can make a world of difference.
Soli Deo Gloria
Good one! I have the same experience when going around knocking on doors here in England: many people have rejected church / religion / Christendom, not Jesus – because they never knew him in the first place. Unfortunately, people on the doorstep often don’t have the time or inclination to talk further about it. But I’ll definitely remember to ask “So what do you think Jesus is all about” or something similar, when given the opportunity!
I usually wait until the person is ready. I mean, their world starts to cave in. Then I tell them about how my world is also caving in…and what Jesus has done about it.
After that, I pray for them…and move on…unless they want to know more.
What if their world doesn’t cave in or they don’t tell you when it is? We need not wait for a crisis before presenting our solution, people are already in trouble without Christ, they’re just not aware of it.
Everyone’s world caves in…whether they tell you or not. When you get to know someone a little bit before you just start hammering them with the bible…then you can be a much more effective witness…I believe.
This is great stud Derek. Can you tell me more about the book, “I beg to differ?” Good resource?
Umm, ya, if you click on the book cover that takes you to the amazon page. Also, i did an interview with the author in Christianity Today this month. That should be up online right now too.
Wait. do you mean “Ummmm, Ya!” like “duh!” or is the emphasis on the “Ummmm” as if you had to think about it?
By the way, i meant to write “great stuff” not “stud” – sorry ’bout that 😉
In other words be the person who sincerely wants to know another person. Take time. Thank you! I’m a coward about to start a Bible study on the life of Jesus and you just gave me the icebreaker.
Go for it!
I like the idea of ‘tell me your story’ and ‘what does Christianity mean?’
I’ve met a number of people say, ‘it doesn’t work’ – meaning they were promised one thing in a sermon and it didn’t happen for them.
Also I find zizek’s comments interesting. I expect that is because I look at ‘autobiographical’ stories from the perspective of their power as personal testimony, perhaps it is a misunderstanding of Rev 12:11, but I’ve always thought that personal testimony (‘this was my life, this is now my life because of Jesus’) is the most engaging form of ‘evangelism’.
The only thing that a preacher can promise in a sermon is that God will kill you off…and that you will be raised for judgement.
Also, that the one who died on the Cross for you is the same one who will be judging you.
And, that in your Baptism, you have already been put to death (Romans 6)..and raised to new life.
These are things that ought be promised in a sermon.
A couple comments:
1. It is amazing how people can grow up in the middle of a church environment and simply have no understanding of Christianity. This often makes them harder to reach, as they assume they know all about it.
2. Jonathan Haidt has shown that there are two groups of people with very different moral, political and religious views. a. the secular/liberal/utilitarians and b. the religious/conservative/non-utilitarians. Most people in the West are the former. Even if they were raised in a church environment, they often just don’t get religion on an intuitive level. Some of them faked it for awhile, but I am doubtful ever really understood it in the first place.
Anybody who is serious about missions to people in the modern West needs to read Haidt.
Reblogged this on A Testing We Will Go and commented:
Very helpful to remember.
Thanks for sharing, Keith.